Marketing Terms

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A/B testing – A method in marketing research where variables in a control scenario are changed and the ensuing alternate strategies tested, in order to improve the effectiveness of the final marketing strategy.

abandoned cart – When a visitor to an ecommerce site adds products to a shopping cart and doesn’t complete a purchase.

abandoned cart emails – Emails generated after an online shopper reaches the cart stage, but does not complete a transaction.

above the fold – The section of a Web page that is visible without scrolling.

ACoS (advertising cost of sales) – In Amazon Ads, the percentage of ad cost in relation to ad revenue, expressed as (Cost / Revenue) * 100

ad blocking – The blocking of Web advertisements, typically the image in graphical Web advertisements.

ad extensions – In Google Ads, ad components that show additional information beyond the standard ad, often only when relevant to the user.

ad group – In search advertising, an account structure unit with one or more ads and a common targeting method.

ad space – The space on a Web page available for advertisements.

ad strength – In Google Ads, an estimate of an ad’s potential for success, based on the relevant, quantity, and diversity of the ad content.

AdSense – A contextual advertisement service provided by Google.

advertising network – A network representing many Web sites in selling advertising, allowing advertising buyers to reach broad audiences relatively easily through run-of-category and run-of-network buys.

affiliate – The publisher/salesperson in an affiliate marketing relationship.

affiliate manager – A person responsible for managing an online affiliate program for an affiliate merchant.

affiliate marketing – Revenue sharing between affiliate merchants (advertisers) and affiliates (publishers), whereby compensation is based on performance measures (sales or leads).

affiliate merchant – The advertiser in an affiliate marketing relationship.

affiliate network – A value-added intermediary providing services, including aggregation, for affiliate merchants and affiliates.

affiliate software – Software that, at a minimum, provides tracking and reporting of commission-triggering actions (sales, registrations, or clicks) from affiliate links.

ALT text – HTML attribute that provides alternative text when non-textual elements, typically images, cannot be displayed.

anchor text – The text contained in a hyperlink.

animated GIF – A graphic in the GIF89a file format that creates the effect of animation by rotating through a series of static images.

AOV (Average Order Value) – An ecommerce metric that measures the average amount of revenue per transaction.

app campaign – In Google Ads, a campaign type used to drive app installs or engagement with already-installed apps.

ARPPU (Average Revenue Per Paying User) – The average amount of revenue generated per paying user in a specified period of time.

ARPU (Average Revenue Per User) – The average amount of revenue generated per user in a specified period of time.

audience signals – In Google Ads, a feature that lets you input audiences you know are valuable so automation can find new converting customers faster.

autoresponder – A program that sends an automatic response to incoming emails.

average position – In Google Ads, a deprecated metric that used to summarize the position your ad had appeared relative to other ads. In Google Search Console, a metric that shows an average of the position your site appeared in the organic search results.

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